The main difference between the American game and the European game of roulette is the wheel. The American wheels feature the numbers 1 to 36, the 0 and the 00. On the other hand, the European wheels feature the numbers 1 to 36 and the 0 (not the 00). Many people would not think this one number difference is significant; however, the European wheel greatly increases the player’s odds of winning. Also, the numbers are logically dispersed the same way on both wheels. The reason they are “logically dispersed” is because the location of each number is very important. This ensures that the chance of landing on a high number has the exact same probability as landing on a low number.
The European roulette wheel is the exact same as the American wheel except for the fact that is does not have a slot for 00. The 0 is green, and the other numbers, 1 to 36 are logically dispersed on the wheel and each slot alternates between black and red. Since the 00 is not present, this also means the board looks slightly different. The game itself is also played in the same manner. The dealer is called a croupier, which is the official term used when playing in European casinos.
The European wheel is found throughout Europe. In fact the European wheel is very rarely seen in America. This is because the European wheel decreases the advantage. Also what is interesting to note is the payout ratio is the exact same. Normally the house has a 5.26 percent advantage in the game. However, with the European roulette wheel having no 00 slot, this cuts the casino’s advantage to 2.70 percent.
The European initially introduced the game to America in New Orleans around the 1800′s. After several changes in the wheels the American wheel has the numbers 1 to 36, 0 and 00. The game is played exactly the same way as the European version and instead of the term croupier, Americans use the term dealer. The American wheel is found throughout the United States and many other areas of the world. The American roulette wheel gives the house a 5.26 percent advantage, which is why it is popular among casinos.